Peanuts are the Best Nut for your brian.
Simple Answer: Peanuts grow best in China, Sudan, America, China and Brazil and the region tells what kind of peanut. For example Peanuts grown in Texas, Oklahoma, South Africa and China are oily Peanuts.
Peanuts, like a potato grow underground. They do not grow on trees, like cashews do. Instead, Peanuts come from a plant with yellow flowers. It can stand about 18 inches tall and from start to finish can last five months long. The plant begins with tons of yellow flowers. However, before the peanut can ever begin, pollination will dry the flower. After this, the dried flower is then called a peg. The peg is lowered towards the ground by a stem from the plant. From here it will bury itself in the ground and develop seeds in the soil. It is these seeds that we eat and which are called peanuts. After being in the ground for 3 to 5 months, it is ready for harvesting.
Right before harvesting, a noticeable change occurs, the leaves on the plant turn from green to yellow. This is because the seeds need the plant's food supply for its own growth. A fully grown peanut will be ready for harvesting when the veins inside the mature pods are a dark color, and the peanut skins will be papery thin and light pink. Usually farmers will inspect a few of the seeds first before harvesting the whole crop. When the majority of plants are mature, the farmer begins to dig.
Farmers all too well know the dangers of harvesting early or too late. If a peanut is harvested too early, the seeds will contain shriveled kernels, and will be uneatable. However, if the peanut is harvested too late, several seeds will decompose back into the soil and the crop will be lost.
When harvesting the peanuts, the soil temperature has to be perfect and cannot be too wet or too dry. In either extreme the peanut is might be lost. The plant is slowly forced up with a pitchfork or shove until the seeds of the plant are showing. After this, the farmer gently shakes off the loose soil and then places the plant in a warm and shaded spot with good air circulation. Some at home enthusiasts will insist that the plant be allowed to be exposed for two to three weeks. This allows any remaining moisture to be evaporated.
The peanut is ready when the leaves of the plant become crumbly and dry. The farmer then pulls the nuts off the plants and prepares the nuts for storage.
Before the peanuts can be stored. The peanut is to be blanch raw. This allows the layers of the skin to come off easily. To do this, the peanut is placed in boiling water for about three minutes. It then is cooled down in ice water for another three minutes. The peanut is now ready for storage.
The peanut is ready for storage unless the peanut is to be skinned. Since the process of blanching has softened the peanut, the skins can come off with ease.
Peanuts can be stored away indefinitely if done right. If an unshelled peanut is frozen at 0 degree's F, it will last until thawed out. Refrigerated unshelled peanuts can last about nine months.
However, shelled peanuts only last about three months when refrigerated. A frozen shelled peanut is the same as the unshelled.
Roasted Peanuts are a sure delight, especially around holidays and major celebrations. The peanut goes through a long process, starting from placing the shelled or unshelled nuts on a baking sheet. An oven is prepared and bakes the peanuts at 300degrees F for about 20 to 25 minutes. Sometimes the shelled nuts are coated with melted butter and salt, to give that sweet taste we all love.
Some people are allergic to peanuts. Our suggestions to you is do not eat any peanuts if you are allergic. However, peanuts offer a lot of Health Benefits, like increasing serotonin and serotonin helps with moods. See your doctor for best advise.
Last Update on June 6, 2013